Date JUNE 7 2022

WHAT YOU DO KNOW ABOUT STOKE?

According to the Montreal Neurological Hospital Institute, a stroke occurs every 10 minutes. Approximately 14,000 Canadians die from stroke each year, making it the third leading cause of death among Canadians¹.

 

What exactly is a stroke?

A stroke is a sudden neurological deficit of vascular origin caused by an infarction or hemorrhage in the brain. This stops the flow of blood to the brain. The term “accident” emphasizes the sudden or abrupt nature of the symptoms.

Blood flow to the brain is essential, because the brain needs a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients to function properly². In turn, cell death can lead to lasting brain damage, long-term disability and even death³.

¹ Hayward, S. 2017. “June, stroke awareness month”. The Neuro.  [Last accessed 06/10/2022]

² Johns Hopkins Medicine. S.d. “Health: Stroke”.  [Last accessed 06/10/2022]

³ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2022. “About Stroke”.  [Last accessed 06/10/2022]

⁴ Brunet. S.d. “Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke.”  [Last accessed 06/10/2022]

⁵ Office québécoise de la langue française (OQLF). 1999. “Ischémie” [Grand dictionnaire terminologique]. Gouvernement du Québec.  [Last consulted on 10/06/2022]

⁶ Heart and Stroke Foundation. S.d. (a). “Types of Stroke.”  [Last accessed 06/10/2022]

⁷ Office québécoise de la langue française (OQLF). 2019. “Hemorrhage” [Grand dictionnaire terminologique]. Gouvernement du Québec.  [Last consulted on 06/10/2022]

⁸ Chong, J. 2020. “Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs)”. The Merk Manual.  [Last accessed 06/10/2022]

⁹ Heart and Stroke Foundation. 2021. “Are there signs of stroke other than TIA?”.  [Last accessed 06/10/2022]

¹⁰ Heart and Stroke Foundation. S.d. (c). “Treatments.” [Last accessed 06/10/2022]

¹¹ Heart and Stroke Foundation. S.d. (b). “Risk and Prevention”.  [Last accessed 06/10/2022]

1